ERIC Number: EJ851384
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 30
Motor Skill Performance of School-Age Children with Visual Impairments
Houwen, S.; Visscher, C.; Lemmink, K. A. P. M.; Hartman, E.
Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, v50 n2 p139-145 Feb 2008
The aim of this study was to examine the performance of children with visual impairments (VI) aged 7 to 10 years on different types of motor skills. Furthermore, the association between the degree of the VI and motor performance was examined. The motor performance of 48 children with VI (32 males, 16 females; mean age 8y 10mo [SD 1y 1mo]) was assessed using the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (MABC). Their performance was compared with 48 children without VI (33 males, 15 females; mean age 8y 9mo [SD 1y 1mo]). Children with VI showed the poorest performance compared with peers without VI on unimanual speed, eye-hand coordination, catching, static balance, and dynamic balance while moving slowly. There was no significant difference between children with moderate and severe VI, except for bimanual coordination in 7- to 8-year-olds and eye-hand coordination in both the 7- to 8-year-olds and 9- to 10-year-olds, favouring the children with moderate VI. The poor performance compared with children without VI is related to vision, but the degree of the VI does not appear to relate to motor performance, except when associated with bimanual and eye-hand coordination. For children with VI, it seems very important to adjust the environmental context and task to enhance motor performance.
Descriptors: Visual Impairments, Psychomotor Skills, Comparative Analysis, Motor Development, Measures (Individuals), Perceptual Motor Coordination, Children
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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