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ERIC Number: EJ851274
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Sep
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 77
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1363-755X
Speech-Perception-in-Noise Deficits in Dyslexia
Ziegler, Johannes C.; Pech-Georgel, Catherine; George, Florence; Lorenzi, Christian
Developmental Science, v12 n5 p732-745 Sep 2009
Speech perception deficits in developmental dyslexia were investigated in quiet and various noise conditions. Dyslexics exhibited clear speech perception deficits in noise but not in silence. "Place-of-articulation" was more affected than "voicing" or "manner-of-articulation." Speech-perception-in-noise deficits persisted when performance of dyslexics was compared to that of much younger children matched on reading age, underscoring the fundamental nature of speech-perception-in-noise deficits. The deficits were not due to poor spectral or temporal resolution because dyslexics exhibited normal "masking release" effects (i.e. better performance in fluctuating than in stationary noise). Moreover, speech-perception-in-noise predicted significant unique variance in reading even after controlling for low-level auditory, attentional, speech output, short-term memory and phonological awareness processes. Finally, the presence of external noise did not seem to be a necessary condition for speech perception deficits to occur because similar deficits were obtained when speech was degraded by eliminating temporal fine-structure cues without using external noise. In conclusion, the core deficit of dyslexics seems to be a lack of speech robustness in the presence of external or internal noise.
Wiley-Blackwell. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8598; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail: cs-journals@wiley.com; Web site: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A