ERIC Number: EJ851248
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Postnatal Depression and Infant Health Practices among High-Risk Women
Zajicek-Farber, Michaela L.
Journal of Child and Family Studies, v18 n2 p236-245 Apr 2009
Women's postnatal depressive symptoms have been associated with many adverse outcomes for children. The current study examined the frequency association with relative risk between postnatal depressive symptoms and mothers' use of preventative infant health practices. The study used the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and Parental Health and Depression Questionnaire (PHDQ) to identify women's depressive symptoms in a prospective longitudinal sample of 134 high-risk non-white mothers receiving well-baby health services. Unadjusted frequency comparisons examined the effect of women's postnatal depressive symptoms on infant outcomes. Results found that compared to 60 women without postnatal depressive symptoms, 74 women with symptoms engaged in significantly fewer well-child health-visits, were less likely to use home safety devices or place their infants in the preferred back-to-sleep position, and did not complete immunizations. Depressed women were also more likely to lack knowledge of nurturing and sensitive parenting, use corporal punishment and inappropriate foods, and to show poor parenting practices. These findings provide additional supportive evidence that more efforts are needed to identify and assess women's depressive symptoms to promote health and safety of young children. Methodological limitations and recommendations for future research are addressed.
Descriptors: Child Safety, Mothers, Parenting Styles, Child Rearing, Infants, Punishment, Depression (Psychology), Parent Influence, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Perinatal Influences, Child Development, Comparative Analysis, Child Health, Well Being, Parent Child Relationship, Nutrition, Child Welfare
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A