ERIC Number: EJ851030
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
HIV Testing among Adolescents in Ndola, Zambia: How Individual, Relational, and Environmental Factors Relate to Demand
Denison, Julie A.; McCauley, Ann P.; Dunnett-Dagg, Wendy A.; Lungu, Nalakwanji; Sweat, Michael D.
AIDS Education and Prevention, v21 n4 p314-324 Aug 2009
This study examined how individual, relational and environmental factors related to adolescent demand for HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT). A cross-sectional survey among randomly selected 16-19-year-olds in Ndola, Zambia, covered individual (e.g., HIV knowledge), environmental (e.g., distance), and relational factors (e.g., discussed VCT with family). Multivariate regression analysis compared 98 respondents who planned to test for HIV within the year with 341 respondents who did not. Discussing HIV testing with family members was strongly associated with planning to test (odds ratio [OR] = 6.1; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.24-16.58). VCT discussions with sex partners (OR = 3.64; 95% CI = 1.13-11.71) and with friends (OR = 2.61; 95% CI = 1.34-5.08) were also associated with HIV testing plans. Significant individual factors were having ever had sex (OR = 2.33; 95% CI = 1.41-3.84) and HIV risk perception (OR = 2.71; 95% CI = 1.51-4.88). Relational and individual factors strongly correlated with VCT demand, supporting the need to examine these factors when implementing and evaluating adolescent VCT strategies.
Descriptors: Testing, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Foreign Countries, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Environmental Influences, Individual Differences, Adolescents, Screening Tests, Counseling, Surveys, Proximity, Family Influence, Intention, Sexuality, At Risk Persons, Interpersonal Relationship
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Zambia