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ERIC Number: EJ850886
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Pages: 26
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0090-6905
What's in a (Role) Name? Formal and Conceptual Aspects of Comprehending Personal Nouns
Irmen, Lisa
Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, v36 n6 p431-456 Nov 2007
Two eye-tracking studies assessed effects of grammatical and conceptual gender cues in generic role name processing in German. Participants read passages about a social or occupational group introduced by way of a generic role name(e.g., "Soldaten"/soldiers, "Kunstler"/artists). Later in the passage the gender of this group was specified by the anaphoric expression "diese Manner"/these men or "diese Frauen"/these women. Testing masculine generic role names of male, female or neutral conceptual gender (Exp. 1) showed that a gender mismatch between the role name's conceptual gender and the anaphor significantly slowed reading immediately before and after the anaphoric noun. A mismatch between the antecedent's grammatical gender and the anaphor slowed down the reading of the anaphoric noun itself. Testing grammatically gender-unmarked role names (Exp. 2) revealed a general male bias in participants' understanding, irrespective of grammatical or conceptual gender. The experiments extend previous findings on gender effects to non-referential role names and generic contexts. Theoretical aspects of gender and plural reference as well as gender information in mental models are discussed.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A