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ERIC Number: EJ850856
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Sep
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0090-6905
Distressed Mothers and Their Infants Use a Less Efficient Timing Mechanism in Creating Expectancies of Each Other's Looking Patterns
Beebe, Beatrice; Badalamenti, Anthony; Jaffe, Joseph; Feldstein, Stanley; Marquette, Lisa; Helbraun, Elizabeth; Demetri-Friedman, Donna; Flaster, Caroline; Goodman, Patricia; Kaminer, Tammy; Kaufman-Balamuth, Limor; Putterman, Jill; Stepakoff, Shanee; Ellman, Lauren
Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, v37 n5 p293-307 Sep 2008
The prediction of events and the creation of expectancies about their time course is a crucial aspect of an infant's mental life, but temporal mechanisms underlying these predictions are obscure. Scalar timing, in which the ratio of mean durations to their standard deviations is held constant, enables a person to use an estimate of the mean for its standard deviation. It is one efficient mechanism that may facilitate predictability and the creation of expectancies in mother-infant interaction. We illustrate this mechanism with the dyadic gaze rhythm of mother and infant looking at and looking away from each other's faces. Two groups of Hi- and Lo-Distress mothers were created using self-reported depression, anxiety, self-criticism and childhood experiences. Lo-Distress infants (controls) used scalar timing 100% of the time, about double that of Hi-Distress infants. Lo-Distress mothers used scalar timing about nine times as much as Hi-Distress mothers. The diminished use of scalar timing patterns in Hi-Distress mothers and infants may make the anticipation of each other's gaze patterns more difficult for both partners.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A