ERIC Number: EJ850838
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
The Role of Native-Language Phonology in the Auditory Word Identification and Visual Word Recognition of Russian-English Bilinguals
Shafiro, Valeriy; Kharkhurin, Anatoliy V.
Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, v38 n2 p93-110 Apr 2009
Abstract Does native language phonology influence visual word processing in a second language? This question was investigated in two experiments with two groups of Russian-English bilinguals, differing in their English experience, and a monolingual English control group. Experiment 1 tested visual word recognition following semantic categorization of words containing four phonological vowel contrasts (/i/-/u/,/I/-/[inverted v]/,/ i/-I/,/[epsilon]/-/[ash]/). Experiment 2 assessed auditory identification accuracy of words containing these four contrasts. Both bilingual groups demonstrated reduced accuracy in auditory identification of two English vowel contrasts absent in their native phonology (/i/-/I/,/[epsilon]/-/[ash]/). For late- bilinguals, auditory identification difficulty was accompanied by poor visual word recognition for one difficult contrast (/i/-/I/). Bilinguals' visual word recognition moderately correlated with their auditory identification of difficult contrasts. These results indicate that native language phonology can play a role in visual processing of second language words. However, this effect may be considerably constrained by orthographic systems of specific languages.
Descriptors: Control Groups, Vowels, Phonology, Semantics, Second Language Learning, Identification, Word Recognition, Russian, English, Bilingualism, Reading Processes, Language Processing, Correlation, Auditory Stimuli
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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