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ERIC Number: EJ850750
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 36
ISSN: ISSN-1088-3576
Fear of Routine Physical Exams in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Prevalence and Intervention Effectiveness
Gillis, Jennifer M.; Hammond Natof, Tammy; Lockshin, Stephanie B.; Romanczyk, Raymond G.
Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, v24 n3 p156-168 2009
Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have a high prevalence of specific fears, including fear of general medical procedures, but research on the treatment of medical fears has been limited. Two studies are described in this article. The first study involved an assessment of the prevalence of fears associated with physical exams. Caregivers reported that a large proportion of children with ASD demonstrated obvious medical fears. An evaluation of a behavioral intervention designed to address these fears constituted the second study. Graduated in vivo exposure accompanied by reinforced practice and modeling decreased fear-related avoidance behavior in all participants, with 83% of participants completing the intervention successfully. (Contains 1 figure and 3 tables.)
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A