ERIC Number: EJ850485
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 47
Long-Term Memory for Music: Infants Remember Tempo and Timbre
Trainor, Laurel J.; Wu, Luann; Tsang, Christine D.
Developmental Science, v7 n3 p289-296 Jun 2004
We show that infants' long-term memory representations for melodies are not just reduced to the structural features of relative pitches and durations, but contain surface or performance tempo- and timbre-specific information. Using a head turn preference procedure, we found that after a one week exposure to an old English folk song, infants preferred to listen to a novel folk song, indicating that they remembered the familiarized melody. However, if the tempo (25% faster or slower) or instrument timbre (harp vs. piano) of the familiarized melody was changed at test, infants showed no preference, indicating that they remembered the specific tempo and timbre of the melodies. The results are consistent with an exemplar-based model of memory in infancy rather than one in which structural features are extracted and performance features forgotten.
Descriptors: Music, Singing, Infants, Long Term Memory, Old English, Folk Culture, Intonation, Musical Instruments, Models
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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