ERIC Number: EJ850245
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 58
Investigating the Utility of the Film "War Zone" in the Prevention of Street Harassment
Darnell, Doyanne A.; Cook, Sarah L.
Psychology of Women Quarterly, v33 n3 p266-274 Sep 2009
Street harassment, the act of sexual harassment by strangers in public, is a common experience shared by many women. This paper reports the first experimental evaluation of the impact of a popular documentary-style film, "War Zone," on men's attitudes toward street harassment and empathy for women who experience it. The sample was an ethnically diverse group of undergraduate men attending an urban university (N= 98). Given the film's primary focus on women's perspectives and the relation of street harassment to rape, we predicted the film would decrease acceptance of street harassment and increase empathy toward women who experience street harassment. We did not find support for these main effects. Hostility toward women, however, was negatively related to cognitive empathy and feelings of distress following the film, and hostility toward women moderated the effect of film condition on distress. Peer acceptance predicted greater self-acceptance of street harassment. Implications for future street harassment research and prevention strategies are discussed.
Descriptors: Films, Sexual Harassment, Females, Prevention, Attitudes, Empathy, Males, Undergraduate Students, Urban Universities, Peer Acceptance
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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