ERIC Number: EJ850215
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 42
Toddlers Recognize Verbs in Novel Situations and Sentences
Naigles, Letitia R.; Bavin, Edith L.; Smith, Melissa A.
Developmental Science, v8 n5 p424-431 Sep 2005
Toddlers' (MA = 22 and 27 months) ability to extend newly taught verbs to new situational and sentential contexts was investigated. Children were interactively taught two novel verbs, presented in only the transitive frame (e.g. "You're lorping the ball"), in a playroom setting. They then viewed the verb actions presented on side-by-side monitors and were asked to distinguish the verbs in three test frames (transitive, intransitive, neutral (e.g. "lorping")). Both groups demonstrated learning of the verbs in the new situation and generalized the verbs to the intransitive sentence frame, but neither generalized reliably to the neutral frame. We conclude that even 22-month-olds demonstrate considerable context independence in their verb representations.
Descriptors: Sentences, Verbs, Toddlers, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Recognition (Psychology), Cognitive Processes, Generalization, Child Development, Age Differences, Developmental Stages, Context Effect
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
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