ERIC Number: EJ850202
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 72
The Development of Gaze Following and Its Relation to Language
Brooks, Rechele; Meltzoff, Andrew N.
Developmental Science, v8 n6 p535-543 Nov 2005
We examined the ontogeny of gaze following by testing infants at 9, 10 and 11 months of age. Infants (N = 96) watched as an adult turned her head toward a target with either open or closed eyes. The 10- and 11-month-olds followed adult turns significantly more often in the open-eyes than the closed-eyes condition, but the 9-month-olds did not respond differentially. Although 9-month-olds may view others as "body orienters", older infants begin to register whether others are "visually connected" to the external world and, hence, understand adult looking in a new way. Results also showed a strong positive correlation between gaze-following behavior at 10-11 months and subsequent language scores at 18 months. Implications for social cognition are discussed in light of the developmental shift in gaze following between 9 and 11 months of age.
Descriptors: Infants, Adults, Nonverbal Communication, Eye Movements, Developmental Continuity, Social Cognition, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A