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ERIC Number: EJ850097
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Aug
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-2445
Paradoxical Pathways: An Ethnographic Extension of Kohn's Findings on Class and Childrearing
Weininger, Elliot B.; Lareau, Annette
Journal of Marriage and Family, v71 n3 p680-695 Aug 2009
Stratification is a central issue in family research, yet relatively few studies highlight its impact on family processes. Drawing on in-depth interviews (N = 137) and observational data (N = 12), we extend Melvin Kohn's research on childrearing values by examining how parental commitments to self-direction and conformity are enacted in daily life. Consistent with Kohn's findings, middle-class parents emphasized children's self-direction, and working-class and poor parents emphasized children's conformity to external authority. Attempts to realize these values appeared paradoxical, however. Middle-class parents routinely exercised subtle forms of control while attempting to instill self-direction in their children. Conversely, working-class and poor parents tended to grant children considerable autonomy in certain domains of daily life, thereby limiting their emphasis on conformity.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A