ERIC Number: EJ849977
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jun-11
Reference Count: N/A
"Balancing Open Doors and National Security"
Diverse: Issues in Higher Education, v26 n9 p30-34 Jun 2009
While the number of exchange visas for international students and professors is up overall, the post-Sept. 11 decline continues for many majority-Muslim countries. Last November, the U.S. Department of State heralded a record high number of visas issued to international students and exchange visitors. A report by the Institute of International Education (IIE) on international students at U.S. colleges and universities confirmed that the number of student visas issued reached an "all-time high" for the 2007-08 academic year. International student enrollment at U.S. colleges and universities had seen constant growth most every year in the past quarter-century--with a glaring exception after the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, when enrollment dropped three years in a row. In the 1983-1984 academic year, there were 338,894 international students in U.S. higher education. That peaked at 586,323 in the 2002-2003 academic year that began the year after the Sept. 11 attacks--and dropped for three straight years afterward. It was only in the 2007-2008 academic year that international student numbers in the United States rebounded to a record number--623,805--exceeding its previous peak. But a Diverse analysis of international student and exchange visitor visas found that those numbers have not rebounded from pre-Sept. 11 levels for the majority of the 25 North African and Asian nations that received extra scrutiny after the attacks.
Descriptors: Foreign Students, Terrorism, National Security, International Educational Exchange, Foreign Policy, Higher Education, Study Abroad, Enrollment Trends
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States