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ERIC Number: EJ849899
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jul
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
ISSN: ISSN-1363-755X
Generality with Specificity: The Dynamic Field Theory Generalizes across Tasks and Time Scales
Simmering, Vanessa R.; Spencer, John P.
Developmental Science, v11 n4 p541-555 Jul 2008
A central goal in cognitive and developmental science is to develop models of behavior that can generalize across both tasks and development while maintaining a commitment to detailed behavioral prediction. This paper presents tests of one such model, the Dynamic Field Theory (DFT). The DFT was originally proposed to capture delay-dependent biases in spatial recall and developmental changes in spatial recall performance. More recently, the theory was generalized to adults' performance in a second spatial working memory task, position discrimination. Here we use the theory to predict a specific, complex developmental pattern in position discrimination. Data with 3- to 6-year-old children and adults confirm these predictions, demonstrating that the DFT achieves generality across tasks and time scales, as well as the specificity necessary to generate novel, falsifiable predictions.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A