ERIC Number: EJ849766
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 38
Sex Differences in Past Tense Overregularization
Kidd, Evan; Lum, Jarrad A. G.
Developmental Science, v11 n6 p882-889 Nov 2008
Hartshorne and Ullman (2006 ) presented naturalistic language data from 25 children (15 boys, 10 girls) and showed that girls produced more past tense overregularization errors than did boys. In particular, girls were more likely to overregularize irregular verbs whose stems share phonological similarities with regular verbs. It was argued that the result supported the Declarative/Procedural model of language, a neuropsychological analogue of the dual-route approach to language. In the current study we present experimental data that are inconsistent with these naturalistic data. Eighty children (40 males, 40 females) aged 5;0-6;9 completed a past tense elicitation task, a test of declarative memory, and a test of non-verbal intelligence. The results revealed no sex differences on any of the measures. Instead, the best predictors of overregularization rates were item-level features of the test verbs. We discuss the results within the context of dual versus single route debate on past tense acquisition.
Descriptors: Females, Verbs, Gender Differences, Males, Children, Error Patterns, Models, Task Analysis, Memory, Intelligence Tests, Predictor Variables, Language Acquisition, Evaluation Methods
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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