ERIC Number: EJ849763
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 62
Infants Prefer Motionese to Adult-Directed Action
Brand, Rebecca J.; Shallcross, Wendy L.
Developmental Science, v11 n6 p853-861 Nov 2008
In two studies, we investigated infants' preference for infant-directed (ID) action or "motionese" (Brand, Baldwin & Ashburn, 2002) relative to adult-directed (AD) action. In Study 1, full-featured videos were shown to 32 6- to 8-month-olds, who demonstrated a strong preference for ID action. In Study 2, infants at 6-8 months (n= 28) and 11-13 months (n= 24) were shown either standard ID and AD clips, or clips in which demonstrators' faces were blurred to obscure emotional and eye-gaze information. Across both ages, infants showed evidence of preferring ID to AD action, even when faces were blurred. Infants did not have a preference for still-frame images of the demonstrators, indicating that the ID preference arose from action characteristics, not demonstrators' general appearance. These results suggest that motionese enhances infants' attention to action, possibly supporting infants' learning.
Descriptors: Infants, Motion, Visual Aids, Action Research, Age Differences, Attention, Human Body, Learning Processes, Cognitive Processes, Child Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A