ERIC Number: EJ849574
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
Sixth Grade Students Who Use Alcohol: Do We Need Primary Prevention Programs for "Tweens"?
Pasch, Keryn E.; Perry, Cheryl L.; Stigler, Melissa H.; Komro, Kelli A.
Health Education & Behavior, v36 n4 p673-695 2009
Young adolescent alcohol users drink at higher rates than their peers throughout adolescence and appear to be less amenable to intervention. This study compares those who reported alcohol use in the past year to those who reported no use in a multiethnic, urban sample of sixth graders in 61 schools in Chicago in 2002 (N = 4,150). Demographic, behavioral, intrapersonal, and socioenvironmental factors were identified based on behavioral theories and potential mediators of the Project Northland Chicago intervention. Single and multiple regression models were created for users and nonusers to determine associations between these factors and alcohol use behavior and intentions. The multiple regression models explained 35% and 56% of the variance in alcohol use behavior and intentions between students for nonusers and users, respectively. Results suggest that primary prevention programs for alcohol use should occur prior to sixth grade, particularly for the substantial group at high risk for early use. (Contains 4 tables.)
Descriptors: Intervention, Prevention, Drinking, Early Adolescents, Regression (Statistics), Grade 6, Age Differences, Urban Schools, Student Behavior, At Risk Persons, Socioeconomic Influences, Environmental Influences, Interpersonal Relationship, Intention, Psychological Patterns, Self Efficacy, Expectation, Antisocial Behavior, Peer Influence, Family Influence, Racial Differences, Gender Differences, Family Structure
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois