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ERIC Number: EJ849555
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jul
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0736-5829
Effect of Indoor Wall Climbing on Self- Efficacy and Self-Perceptions of Children with Special Needs
Mazzoni, Erin R.; Purves, P. Lynn; Southward, Julie; Rhodes, Ryan E.; Temple, Viviene A.
Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, v26 n3 p259-273 Jul 2009
The impact of a six-week indoor wall climbing on the perceptions of self for children with special needs aged 6-12 years was explored. Participants (n = 46) were randomly assigned to the intervention (girls, n = 4; boys, n = 19) and control groups (girls, n = 5; boys, n = 18). Belayers' and children's perceptions of efficacy were measured using specifically designed questionnaires and perceptions of competence and global self-worth were measured using Harter's (1985) Self-Perception Profile for Children for participants with an adaptive age of 8 years or higher. Children's self-efficacy and belayers' ratings of children's efficacy improved significantly, t(21) = 3.9, p = 0.001, d = 0.84 and F(2, 44) = 30.03, p less than 0.001, respectively. The children's judgments of their athletic and social competence and global self-worth, however, did not change over time or differ from the wait-listed control group (p greater than 0.05). These results suggest that it is likely that many experiences that enhance self-efficacy may be needed to improve self-perceptions. (Contains 4 tables.)
Human Kinetics, Inc. 1607 North Market Street, Champaign, IL 61820. Tel: 800-474-4457; Fax: 217-351-1549; e-mail: info@hkusa.com; Web site: http://www.humankinetics.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Scales of Independent Behavior; Self Perception Profile for Children