ERIC Number: EJ849240
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 37
Adaptive Training Leads to Sustained Enhancement of Poor Working Memory in Children
Holmes, Joni; Gathercole, Susan E.; Dunning, Darren L.
Developmental Science, v12 n4 pF9-F15 Jul 2009
Working memory plays a crucial role in supporting learning, with poor progress in reading and mathematics characterizing children with low memory skills. This study investigated whether these problems can be overcome by a training program designed to boost working memory. Children with low working memory skills were assessed on measures of working memory, IQ and academic attainment before and after training on either adaptive or non-adaptive versions of the program. Adaptive training that taxed working memory to its limits was associated with substantial and sustained gains in working memory, with age-appropriate levels achieved by the majority of children. Mathematical ability also improved significantly 6 months following adaptive training. These findings indicate that common impairments in working memory and associated learning difficulties may be overcome with this behavioral treatment.
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Short Term Memory, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Intelligence Quotient, Children, Measures (Individuals), Mathematics Skills, Individual Instruction, Intervention, Academic Achievement
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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