ERIC Number: EJ849229
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 27
Relational Memory during Infancy: Evidence from Eye Tracking
Richmond, Jenny; Nelson, Charles A.
Developmental Science, v12 n4 p549-556 Jul 2009
Here we report evidence from a new eye-tracking measure of relational memory that suggests that 9-month-old infants can encode memories in terms of the relations among items, a function putatively subserved by the hippocampus. Infants learned about the association between faces that were superimposed on unique scenic backgrounds. During test trials, infants were shown three faces presented on a familiar scene. All three faces were equally familiar; however, one had been presented with the test background earlier. Visual behavior was recorded continuously using a TOBII eye tracker. Infants looked preferentially at the face that matched the test background very early in the trial; however, the time course of this preferential looking effect varied as a function of delay. These results suggest that by 9 months of age infants can form memories that represent the relations among items and maintain them over short delays.
Descriptors: Infants, Memory, Human Body, Eye Movements, Visual Perception, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Correlation, Brain, Visual Stimuli, Familiarity, Age Differences, Child Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A