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ERIC Number: EJ849177
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 31
ISSN: ISSN-1363-755X
Fourteen-Month-Olds Know What Others Experience Only in Joint Engagement
Moll, Henrike; Carpenter, Malinda; Tomasello, Michael
Developmental Science, v10 n6 p826-835 Nov 2007
We investigated how 14-month-old infants know what others know. In two studies, an infant played with each of two objects in turn while an experimenter was present. Then the experimenter left the room, and the infant played with a third object with an assistant. The experimenter returned, faced all three objects, and said excitedly "Look! Can you give it to me?" In Study 1, the experimenter experienced each of the first two toys in episodes of joint visual engagement (without manipulation) with the infant. In response to her excited request infants gave the experimenter the object she did not know, thus demonstrating that they knew which ones she knew. In Study 2, infants witnessed the experimenter jointly engage around each of the experienced toys with the assistant, from a third-person perspective. In response to her request, infants did not give the experimenter the object she had not experienced. In combination with other studies, these results suggest that to know what others have experienced 14-month-old infants must do more than just perceive others perceiving something; they must engage with them actively in joint engagement.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A