ERIC Number: EJ849165
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
What Did Simon Say? Revisiting the Bilingual Advantage
Morton, J. Bruce; Harper, Sarah N.
Developmental Science, v10 n6 p719-726 Nov 2007
Bilingual children often outperform monolingual children in tasks of cognitive control. This advantage may be a consequence of the fact that bilinguals have more practice controlling attention due to an ongoing need to manage two languages. However, existing evidence is limited because possible differences in ethnicity and socioeconomic status have not been properly controlled. To address this issue, we administered the Simon task to bilingual and monolingual children of identical ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds. Bilingual and monolingual children performed identically, whereas children from higher SES families were advantaged relative to children from lower SES families. Controlling differences in SES and ethnicity may attenuate the bilingual advantage in cognitive control.
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Monolingualism, Bilingualism, Children, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Ability, Attention, Socioeconomic Influences, Socioeconomic Status, Reaction Time, Stimuli, Responses, Cognitive Psychology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A