ERIC Number: EJ849161
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 68
The Development of Attention Regulation in the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task
Somsen, Riek J. M.
Developmental Science, v10 n5 p664-680 Sep 2007
The present study examined performance on a computerized version of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) in participants between 6 and 18 years. Test trials were presented upon request, without time constraints, and with a direct coupling between the participant's response and the onset of the feedback. The pattern of findings that emerged from the self-controlled computerized WCST permitted unique insights into the developmental changes in reasoning and attention regulation during childhood and adolescence. The number of WCST categories achieved developed linearly between 6 and 11 years and asymptoted beyond this age, whereas attentional responses continued to develop. More specifically, a decrease in distractive attention to correct feedback predicted performance in the younger group. In contrast, an increase in attention to error feedback predicted the number of WCST categories achieved by the older children. This pattern of findings indicates that, although trial-by-trial feedback monitoring is crucial for the successful detection of WCST categories in both younger and older children, the specifics of attention regulation differ greatly between children and adolescents.
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Child Development, Diagnostic Tests, Attention, Age Differences, Thinking Skills, Adolescents, Children, Task Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wisconsin Card Sorting Test