ERIC Number: EJ849153
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 21
Use It or Lose It: Examining Preschoolers' Difficulty in Maintaining and Executing a Goal
Marcovitch, Stuart; Boseovski, Janet J.; Knapp, Robin J.
Developmental Science, v10 n5 p559-564 Sep 2007
Individuals with low working memory capacity (e.g. preschoolers) are more prone to goal neglect, or a failure to execute a goal even though it is understood. We examined the role of goal neglect in performance on the Dimensional Change Card Sort by including 'redundant' cards that could be sorted without attending to the rules, as well as the traditional 'conflict' cards that encouraged awareness of the rules. In Experiment 1, 4- and 5-year-old children were administered two card sorts that differed on the proportion of redundant cards presented (20% vs. 80%). Children neglected the goal more often when faced with a preponderance of redundant cards, suggesting that consistent attention to the rules leads to goal maintenance. In Experiment 2, results were replicated even when the post-switch rules were repeated on every trial. Implications for the development of working memory are discussed.
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Preschool Children, Classification, Objectives, Failure, Attention, Cognitive Development, Child Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A