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ERIC Number: EJ849150
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Sep
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 28
ISSN: ISSN-1363-755X
The Attribution of Attention: 9-Month-Olds' Interpretation of Gaze as Goal-Directed Action
Johnson, Susan C.; Ok, Su-Jeong; Luo, Yuyan
Developmental Science, v10 n5 p530-537 Sep 2007
The current study distinguishes between attributions of goal-directed perception (i.e. attention) and non-goal-directed perception to examine 9-month-olds' interpretation of others' head and eye turns. In a looking time task, 9-month-olds encoded the relationship between an actor's head and eye turns and a target object if the head and eye turns were embedded in a sequence of multiple, variable actions with equifinal outcomes, but not otherwise. This evidence supports the claim that infants of this age may attribute perception, at least goal-directed perception, to others and undermines arguments that gaze-following at this age consists only of uninterpreted reflexes. The evidence also suggests alternative interpretations of the typical errors infants make in standard gaze-following procedures. Implications for infants' understanding of perception and attention in both human and non-human agents are discussed.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A