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ERIC Number: EJ849133
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-May
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 16
ISSN: ISSN-1363-755X
Story Contexts Increase Susceptibility to the DRM Illusion in 5-Year-Olds
Dewhurst, Stephen A.; Pursglove, Rhian C.; Lewis, Charlie
Developmental Science, v10 n3 p374-378 May 2007
False recognition in children aged 5, 8, and 11 years was investigated using the standard version of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) procedure and an alternative version in which the DRM stimuli were embedded in stories designed to emphasize their overall theme. Relative to the 8- and 11-year-olds, the 5-year-olds falsely recognized fewer critical lures when the DRM stimuli were presented in lists, but falsely recognized more critical lures when the stimuli were presented in stories. Levels of false recognition in the 8- and 11-year-olds were not affected by study format. We argue that the story context enhanced the ability of the 5-year-olds to make inferences based on the theme of the DRM stimuli. The 5-year-olds then showed higher levels of false recognition than the older children owing to their inability to reject lure words consistent with the stories.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A