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ERIC Number: EJ849041
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 7
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 41
ISSN: ISSN-0146-9282
Negotiating for Democratic Communities in Schools: Principals' Perspectives
Wasonga, Teresa A.; Christman, Dana
Educational Considerations, v36 n2 p19-25 Spr 2009
This study explored the strategic use of negotiating as a tool for creating and enhancing democratic communities. A total of 44 principals from four elementary schools, two middle schools, and one high school, provided data for this study. Results found that within schools, principals used certain skills to negotiate bureaucratic roles, and expectations in order to invite all voices. These skills are what Mullen (2006) defined as democratic pedagogy (interacting, evoking, empowering, control). In using these pedagogies, the principals demonstrated that inviting others "can improve the competitive status of the group as a whole by providing an efficient way of solving problems of collective action." (Contains 1 table and 2 endnotes.)
Kansas State University, College of Education. 1100 Mid-Campus Drive, 006 Bluemont Hall, Manhattan, KS 66506. Tel: 785-532-5525; Fax: 785-532-7304; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: Administrators
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Alabama; Illinois; Michigan; Missouri; New Mexico; Ohio