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ERIC Number: EJ848640
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 19
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 35
ISSN: ISSN-1056-7879
The "Safe School": A Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Model of Community Policing as an Expression of Democratic Processes
Kim, Israel; Barkol, Rina
International Journal of Educational Reform, v13 n1 p27-45 Win 2004
This article discusses the idea of the "safe school" juvenile delinquency prevention model as a paradigm of bringing together all of the community participants, in order to bring about ways and means through which community problems could be met and solved. It suggests that in free and democratic societies, the consent of all participant parties to a problem be reached so that they all take part in its solution. Without this consent, there will be no legitimacy for the police to work in a community, especially in a minority community. This article suggests that community policing, through its community-policing partnership programs, does achieve this needed legitimacy. This study attempts a holistic approach dealing with the principles guiding law enforcement in a free society as it is applied to juvenile delinquency and violence in the school system throughout the Israel communities. Here, policemen and law enforcement agencies find themselves, at times, in vague positions in which it is unclear whether the police defend democratic values or whether democratic values defend the individual and/or his or her social group from the police. This is especially so when an attempt is made to place a policeman in school. The authors suggest that police ought to seek legitimacy through community public support in order to narrow this rift, to be able to use force within the community. Without this wide public support, the police will be perceived as coercive. Hence, it is the school principal and his or her school board who lead the model, with the consensus of all other relevant parties to the problem, such as parents and students. The authors furthermore suggest that better police/community cooperation could be achieved through community-policing partnership programs, of which the safe-school juvenile delinquency prevention is one such model. Finally, they suggest that this community/police partnership is therefore empowering the school community at large and is worthwhile in implementing, in order to bring all interested and relevant communal forces together to curb and even eradicate violence in the schools.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Israel