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ERIC Number: EJ848305
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 40
ISSN: ISSN-0211-2159
Differential Effects of Nonreinforcement and Punishment in Humans
Pineno, Oskar
Psicologica: International Journal of Methodology and Experimental Psychology, v25 n1 p87-102 2004
In an associative learning preparation, the participants were given partial reinforcement (PRF) with two different cues. For one of the cues, the nonreinforced presentations consisted of pairings of the cue with a neutral outcome, whereas these presentations consisted of pairings with an aversive outcome for the other cue. The results showed that PRF training produced strong responding to the cue paired with the neutral outcome on the nonreinforced trials, whereas responding to the cue paired with the aversive outcome on the nonreinforced trials was strongly suppressed. The present results are problematic for current theories of learning (e.g., Rescorla & Wagner, 1972), but can be explained by classical theories involving motivational mechanisms (e.g., Konorski, 1967), as well as by recently developed model, in which incompatible outcome expectations compete for their expression into behavior (i.e., Pineno & Matute, 2003). (Contains 2 figures and 4 footnotes.)
University of Valencia. Dept. Metodologia, Facultad de Psicologia, Avda. Blasco Ibanez 21, 46010 Valencia, Spain. Tel: +34-96-386-4100; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Spain