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ERIC Number: EJ848263
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 54
ISSN: ISSN-0744-8481
Depressive Symptoms, Stress, and Social Support among Dental Students at a Historically Black College and University
Laurence, Brian; Williams, Carla; Eiland, Derrick
Journal of American College Health, v58 n1 p56-63 Jul-Aug 2009
Objective: The authors measured the prevalence of depressive symptoms among dental students at a historically black college in the United States to determine how depressive symptoms, stress, and social support influence each other within this student population. Participants: Dental students (n = 143) completed a self-administered survey to assess depressive symptoms, stress, and social support, using validated and reliable instruments. Participants also reported demographic variables. Methods: The authors used multivariable linear regression controlling for potential confounding. Results: The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 16.7%. There were significantly higher levels of stress for students with depressive symptoms compared with those without such symptoms (p less than 0.01), and students with depressive symptoms had significantly lower levels of social support (p less than 0.01). Results show higher levels of depressive symptomatology to be related to decreased social support at both high and low stress levels (p less than 0.01). Conclusions: Stress and social support are associated with depressive symptoms among dental students. (Contains 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A