ERIC Number: EJ848072
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 20
Enhancing Capacity to Make Sexuality-Related Decisions in People with an Intellectual Disability
Dukes, E.; McGuire, B. E.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, v53 n8 p727-734 Aug 2009
Aim: The aim of the study was to apply an intervention to the area of sexual knowledge in order to determine if capacity to make sexuality-related decisions could be improved. Method: The study adopted a single subject design using multiple baseline method with four adults with a moderate intellectual disability. The intervention consisted of individually tailored sex education adapted from "Living Your Life" (Bustard 2003). Treatment was offered to each participant twice weekly for a 10-week period on a one-to-one basis. The Sexual Consent and Education Assessment (SCEA, Kennedy 1993) was used for measurement purposes. The SCEA K-Scale (knowledge) and the S-Scale (safety practices) were administered weekly throughout the baseline, treatment and post-treatment phases of the study. Staff concerns were also assessed using the SCEA Inappropriate Sexual Behaviour Scale. Results: All four participants improved their decision-making capacity in all targeted areas as measured by improvements in K-Scale and S-Scale scores. Staff concerns were not increased as indicated by results on the Inappropriate Sexual Behaviour Scale. Six-month follow-up data for three of the participants showed maintenance of scores on the S-Scale and some decay in scores on the K-Scale from post-intervention performance. Conclusion: The results demonstrate that tailored sexuality education can improve capacity to make sexuality-related decisions.
Descriptors: Intervention, Sex Education, Safety, Mental Retardation, Measures (Individuals), Sexuality, Decision Making, Adults, Program Effectiveness
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A