ERIC Number: EJ848050
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Electroencephalogram and Heart Rate Regulation to Familiar and Unfamiliar People in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Van Hecke, Amy Vaughan; Lebow, Jocelyn; Bal, Elgiz; Lamb, Damon; Harden, Emily; Kramer, Alexis; Denver, John; Bazhenova, Olga; Porges, Stephen W.
Child Development, v80 n4 p1118-1133 Jul-Aug 2009
Few studies have examined whether familiarity of partner affects social responses in children with autism. This study investigated heart rate regulation (respiratory sinus arrhythmia [RSA]: The myelinated vagus nerve's regulation of heart rate) and temporal-parietal electroencephalogram (EEG) activity while nineteen 8- to 12-year-old children with autism and 14 controls viewed videos of a familiar and an unfamiliar person reading a story. Children with autism had lower overall RSA levels and exhibited decreased RSA to the unfamiliar person, versus control children. Both groups decreased temporal-parietal EEG activity to the unfamiliar person. Higher RSA was related to higher social skill ratings and fewer problem behaviors. Thus, the social difficulties of children with autism may be characterized by specific mobilization to unfamiliar people.
Descriptors: Autism, Familiarity, Medicine, Interpersonal Competence, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interpersonal Relationship, Diagnostic Tests, Children, Comparative Analysis, Video Technology, Brain, Neurological Organization, Behavior Problems
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A