ERIC Number: EJ848045
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Early Experience on Face Recognition: An Event-Related Potential Study of Institutionalized Children in Romania
Moulson, Margaret C.; Westerlund, Alissa; Fox, Nathan A.; Zeanah, Charles H.; Nelson, Charles A.
Child Development, v80 n4 p1039-1056 Jul-Aug 2009
Data are reported from 3 groups of children residing in Bucharest, Romania. Face recognition in currently institutionalized, previously institutionalized, and never-institutionalized children was assessed at 3 time points: preintervention (n = 121), 30 months of age (n = 99), and 42 months of age (n = 77). Children watched photographs of caregiver and stranger faces while event-related potentials were recorded. Results demonstrate that institutionalized children show pervasive cortical hypoarousal in response to faces and that foster care is somewhat effective in remediating this deficit by 42 months of age. All 3 groups of children distinguished between the familiar and unfamiliar faces. These results have the potential to inform an understanding of the role of early experience in the development of the neural systems that subserve face recognition.
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Foreign Countries, Early Experience, Foster Care, Longitudinal Studies, Young Children, Child Development, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Science, Neurological Organization, Neuropsychology, Residential Institutions, Child Caregivers, Recognition (Psychology), Child Behavior, Familiarity
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Romania