ERIC Number: EJ848044
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Neural Correlates of Direct and Reflected Self-Appraisals in Adolescents and Adults: When Social Perspective-Taking Informs Self-Perception
Pfeifer, Jennifer H.; Masten, Carrie L.; Borofsky, Larissa A.; Dapretto, Mirella; Fuligni, Andrew J.; Lieberman, Matthew D.
Child Development, v80 n4 p1016-1038 Jul-Aug 2009
Classic theories of self-development suggest people define themselves in part through internalized perceptions of other people's beliefs about them, known as reflected self-appraisals. This study uses functional magnetic resonance imaging to compare the neural correlates of direct and reflected self-appraisals in adolescence (N = 12, ages 11-14 years) and adulthood (N = 12, ages 23-30 years). During direct self-reflection, adolescents demonstrated greater activity than adults in networks relevant to self-perception (medial prefrontal and parietal cortices) and social-cognition (dorsomedial prefrontal cortex, temporal-parietal junction, and posterior superior temporal sulcus), suggesting adolescent self-construals may rely more heavily on others' perspectives about the self. Activity in the medial fronto-parietal network was also enhanced when adolescents took the perspective of someone more relevant to a given domain.
Descriptors: Adolescents, Brain, Correlation, Self Concept, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Perspective Taking, Adults, Age Differences, Child Development, Developmental Psychology, Social Development, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Science, Neurological Organization, Neuropsychology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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