ERIC Number: EJ847524
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Metacognitive Learning: The Effect of Item-Specific Experience and Age on Metamemory Calibration and Planning
Kratzig, Gregory P.; Arbuthnott, Katherine D.
Metacognition and Learning, v4 n2 p125-144 Aug 2009
Metacognition is a person's ability to think about their own thinking, to think about their own cognitive ability and knowledge and then to take the appropriate regulatory steps when a problem is detected. Although considerable research has examined the level of such ability in various contexts, there has been relatively little study on whether metacognition can be improved with experience. The present research examined this question for both general (lifetime experience) and item-specific (repetition) experience. Metamemory calibration (correlations between memory predictions and performance) and planning (correlations between memory predictions and study decisions) were examined in both young and older adults. The results indicated that both calibration and planning efficiency increased only with item-specific experience, and even though calibration benefited from experience equally for young and older adults, only younger adults showed better improvement in planning with experience.
Descriptors: Older Adults, Metacognition, Memory, Cognitive Ability, Correlation, Experience, Prediction, Young Adults, Age Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A