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ERIC Number: EJ847484
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
ISSN: ISSN-1554-4893
Parenting Characteristics Associated with Anxiety and Depression: A Multivariate Approach
Anhalt, Karla; Morris, Tracy L.
Journal of Early and Intensive Behavior Intervention, v5 n3 p122-137 2008
This study examined the association between perceived parenting factors and symptoms of social anxiety, generalized anxiety and depression. Participants rated experiences with their mothers and fathers with regard to parental care, overprotection, criticism, parent-adolescent attachment, and family sociability. Regression analyses examined the contribution of perceived parenting to participant anxiety and depression scores. Maternal and paternal parenting practices accounted for 9 to 20% of the variance in internalizing concerns. In particular, maternal sociability, paternal care, and maternal and paternal criticism made unique contributions to the prediction of social anxiety, generalized anxiety, and depression scores. Parenting styles characterized by low levels of care and high levels of protection were associated with elevated internalizing symptoms. Suggestions for future research and implications for early intervention are discussed. (Contains 5 tables.)
Joseph Cautilli, Ph.D. & The Behavior Analyst Online Organization. 535 Queen Street, Philadelphia, PA 19147-3220. Tel: 215-462-6737; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment; Beck Anxiety Inventory; Beck Depression Inventory; Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory