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ERIC Number: EJ847377
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 4
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 10
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1529-0824
Teaching Anatomically-Sound Turnout
Daniels, Kathryn
Journal of Dance Education, v7 n3 p91-94 2007
Turnout is a vital element of many dance techniques. Aesthetically, turnout is used to fulfill artistic goals related to body line and design. Mechanically, it increases the potential range of movement in certain leg gestures and facilitates movements sideways through space. Turnout involves external rotation of the femur along its long axis in relation to a stable pelvis. Dance movements use external rotation in two distinct ways: (1) weightbearing support; and (2) leg gestures. In weightbearing support, turnout contributes to pelvic stabilization, forming one of the muscular links connecting the thigh and pelvis. In leg gestures, turnout increases mechanical range of motion to the side while adding a spiraling, three-dimensional quality to the leg movement. From a dance teacher's perspective, several common errors occur when dancers attempt to turn out their legs. These technical errors are often ingenious personal solutions to intuitively-perceived limitations. However, the increased stress that incorrect turnout places on several joints and muscles makes it imperative that dance teachers facilitate an anatomically-sound understanding of turnout in their students. To help dancers understand and control their turnout, teachers can provide opportunities for focused somatic explorations as well as a conceptual foundation that acts as a scaffold for these kinesthetic experiences. In this article, the author provides exercises which help dancers to locate the anatomical landmarks related to turnout and engage the deep rotator muscles. She also discusses concepts which she emphasizes and uses as a source for imagery and movement cues.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A