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ERIC Number: EJ847132
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0036-6803
The Effects of a Teacher In-Service on Low-Achieving Grade 7 and 8 Mathematics Students
Ross, John A.; Xu, YunMei; Ford, John
School Science and Mathematics, v108 n8 p362-379 Dec 2008
Previous research (e.g., Woodward & Baxter, 1997) found that Standards-based mathematics teaching provides marginal or no benefits for low achievers, in contrast with positive effects for middle and high ability students. A randomized quasi-experiment in 52 Canadian schools found that low achieving grade 7 and 8 students who received support consisting of placement on a learning continuum, instruction focused on their specific learning needs, and concrete materials to represent mathematical constructs, benefited from teaching that emphasized construction over transmission of knowledge. Treatment students showed small but statistically significant improvements over controls in student achievement, and controversially, in mathematical beliefs, and attitudes. The latter finding raised issues of the appropriate balance between Type I and Type II error in educational research.
School Science and Mathematics Association. Oklahoma State University, 245 Willard, Stillwater, OK 74078. Tel: 405-744-8018; Fax: 405-744-6290; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 7; Grade 8; Middle Schools
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada