ERIC Number: EJ847118
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Conceptual Representations of Flu and Microbial Illness Held by Students, Teachers, and Medical Professionals
Jones, M. Gail; Rua, Melissa J.
School Science and Mathematics, v108 n6 p263-278 Oct 2008
This study describes 5th, 8th, and 11th-grade students', teachers', and medical professionals' conceptions of flu and microbial illness. Participants constructed a concept map on "flu" and participated in a semi-structured interview. The results showed that these groups of students, teachers and medical professionals held and structured their conceptions about microbes differently. A progression toward more accurate and complete knowledge existed across the groups but this trajectory was not always a predictable, linear developmental path from novice to expert. Across the groups, participants were most knowledgeable about symptoms of microbial illness, treatments of symptoms, and routes of transmission for respiratory illnesses. This knowledge was tightly linked to participants' prior experiences with colds and flu. There were typically large gaps in participants' (children and teachers) understandings of vaccines, immune system responses, treatments (including the mechanisms of pain medications and the functions of antibiotics), and transmission of non-respiratory microbial illness. A common misconception held by students was the belief that antibiotics can cure viral infections.
Descriptors: Concept Mapping, Grade 5, Grade 8, Grade 11, Concept Formation, Diseases, Interviews, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Communicable Diseases, Medical Services, Prior Learning, Immunization Programs, Drug Therapy, Misconceptions, Teacher Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Allied Health Personnel, Knowledge Level
School Science and Mathematics Association. Oklahoma State University, 245 Willard, Stillwater, OK 74078. Tel: 405-744-8018; Fax: 405-744-6290; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://ssmj.tamu.edu
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 11; Grade 5; Grade 8
Authoring Institution: N/A