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ERIC Number: EJ847110
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 12
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0146-9282
How Much Do Schools and Districts Matter? A Production Function Approach to School Accountability
Phelps, James L.; Addonizio, Michael F.
Educational Considerations, v33 n2 p51-62 Spr 2006
How do district policies, leadership, and support services influence the quality of teaching and learning in public schools? This article uses a rich longitudinal school-level database to estimate a model of student achievement and analyzes the residuals in the model to obtain estimates of the contributions of unobserved school and school district characteristics to student performance. The second section of the article reviews recent research on current approaches to determining school quality on the basis of student achievement test scores. Section three presents an alternative approach to assessing school and district effectiveness using an educational production function. A production function model is specified in the fourth section, and empirical results are presented in section five. A summary of findings in presented in the final section, along with implications for state and federal policy and programs regarding school accountability. (Contains 3 figures, 5 tables and 23 endnotes.)
Kansas State University, College of Education. 1100 Mid-Campus Drive, 006 Bluemont Hall, Manhattan, KS 66506. Tel: 785-532-5525; Fax: 785-532-7304; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001