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ERIC Number: EJ846897
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Pages: 33
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 90
ISSN: ISSN-1056-7879
Building a Strong Contingent of Secondary English-as-a-Foreign-Language Teachers in China: Problems and Policies
Hu, Guangwei
International Journal of Educational Reform, v14 n4 p454-486 Fall 2005
In the last quarter century, China has come a long way toward building a strong contingent of secondary teachers, including English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers. Over the years, impressive progress has been made in strengthening teacher education and raising the educational levels of the teaching force, with the result being a much-improved foundation for further development. Despite the remarkable progress that has been made so far, the Chinese government still faces a host of problems in its effort to build a vibrant, competent, and committed teaching force that can effectively achieve the goals that have been set for secondary education. This article examines two major problems with secondary English-language teaching (ELT) in China and the various policy initiatives developed to address them: first, a chronic shortage of EFL teachers, or the quantity problem; second, a general lack of adequate professional training among practicing teachers, or the quality problem. Both have constituted serious threats to China's modernization endeavor and have had important implications for teacher education and the delivery of quality secondary education. An analysis of the causes of and solutions to the problems can shed light on several important themes: the development of secondary ELT in China, the restructuring of the teacher education system to serve the needs of modernization, socioeconomic influences on teaching as a profession, and the increasing professionalization of the teaching force. Such an analysis can ideally reveal useful lessons to policymakers and teacher educators in other parts of the world, especially in countries that face problems similar to those found in the Chinese context. (Contains 4 tables and 8 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Secondary Education
Audience: Teachers; Policymakers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China