ERIC Number: EJ846588
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: 40
"Brown" and School Choice: The Ultimate Dilemma of School Reform
Davenport, Elizabeth K.; Sutton, Lenford; Smith, Marian W.
International Journal of Educational Reform, v14 n2 p207-218 Spr 2005
Today, school reform efforts that called for the expansion of school choice options for American families and their children are based upon the theory that the ability to select among educational alternatives was connected to rights and privileges guaranteed in the U.S. Constitution. As a part of a national movement toward increased school accountability, President George W. Bush signed federal legislation on January 14, 2002. Over 50 years ago, the Supreme Court in "Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas" (1954) decided the right of African American parents to choose the location of their child's education as well as the quality of the educational experience. Today, 50 years after this landmark decision, it appears that questions of school choice and the opportunity for equality of education are in conflict. In this article, the authors examine the ultimate dilemma of school reform efforts and discuss the impact of the "Brown" decision on the parent-student choice among schools.
Descriptors: School Restructuring, Equal Education, Federal Legislation, School Choice, Accountability, Court Litigation, Access to Education, Student Rights, Parent Rights, African Americans, Educational Quality, Public Schools, Racial Segregation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Brown v Board of Education