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ERIC Number: EJ846499
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 7
ISSN: ISSN-1195-4353
An Experimental Design to Study the Effectiveness of PBL in Higher Education, in First Year Science Students at a University in Peru, South America
Alcazar, Maria Teresa Moreno; Fitzgerald, Victoria Landa
College Quarterly, v8 n2 Spr 2005
An experimental study was designed to study the effectiveness of Problem Based Learning (PBL) in the context of higher education in an urban-city university in Lima, Peru. In the fall semester of 2004, eleven sections of Chemistry 1 were offered to first year students in the College of Science at this University. In six of these eleven sections students were exposed to PBL; and in the other five sections, to instruction based on lectures mixed with small group activities. There were near 60 students in each section; approximately 660 students participated in the study. The basic measure of the study was a pre and post-test that incorporated questions for each of the levels of Bloom's taxonomy. Students in the PBL sections scored statistically significantly higher in the post-test for the higher order of thinking skill items (analysis-synthesis and evaluation), than students in the non-PBL sections. The latter did better in the lower skill items (knowledge and application). The hypothesis that PBL develops higher order of thinking skills among first year college students, more effectively than other non-PBL approaches, was strongly supported by the data. (Contains 5 tables and 4 endnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Peru