ERIC Number: EJ846260
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Word Learning in Children following Cochlear Implantation
Houston, Derek M.; Carter, Allyson K.; Pisoni, David B.; Kirk, Karen Iler; Ying, Elizabeth A.
Volta Review, v105 n1 p41-72 Spr 2005
An experimental procedure was developed to investigate word-learning skills of children who use cochlear implants (CIs). Using interactive play scenarios, 2- to 5-year olds were presented with sets of objects (Beanie Baby stuffed animals) and words for their names that corresponded to salient perceptual attributes (e.g., "horns" for a goat). Their knowledge of the word-object associations was measured immediately after exposure and then following a 2-hour delay. Children who use cochlear implants performed more poorly than age-matched children with typical hearing both receptively and expressively. Both groups of children showed retention of the word-object associations in the delayed testing conditions for words that were previously known. Our findings suggest that although pediatric CI users may have impaired phonological processing skills, their long-term memory for familiar words may be similar to children with typical hearing. Further, the methods that developed in this study should be useful for investigating other aspects of word learning in children who use CIs.
Descriptors: Long Term Memory, Language Acquisition, Assistive Technology, Surgery, Skill Development, Young Children, Comparative Analysis, Receptive Language, Expressive Language, Phonological Awareness, Deafness, Hearing Impairments
Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing. 3417 Volta Place NW, Washington, DC 20007. Tel: 202-337-5220; Fax: 202-337-8314; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.agbell.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A