ERIC Number: EJ846070
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 8
New Role of Special Schools: Empowering Mainstream Teachers to Enhance Inclusive Education in Western Cape, South Africa
Jafthas, Joan A. A.
Journal of the International Association of Special Education, v9 n1 p105-108 Spr 2008
In South Africa we had an education system that was content-based, inflexible, oppressive, and segregated in terms of disability and race. It was determined by time, calendar and by failing and passing at the end of the year. Learners had to "fit into" a particular kind of system or were integrated into an existing system. A shift is now taking place towards a new, liberating system of education that is Outcomes-Based Education (OBE). OBE is inclusive in terms of disability and race and has a flexible approach to time and progression. Special needs education is a sector where the ravages of apartheid remain most evident. Here, the segregation of learners on the basis of race was extended to incorporate segregation on the basis of disability. Our Constitution (DOE, 1996) serves as the basis of our democratic state, common citizenship, our values and human dignity, the achievement of equality and the advancement of human rights and freedom. The new Ministry of Education had to move away from apartheid education and introduce a new curriculum in the interest of all South Africans. According to the Revised National Curriculum Statements (RNCS), OBE forms the foundation of the curriculum in South Africa (DOE, 2002).
Descriptors: National Curriculum, Special Schools, Outcome Based Education, Inclusive Schools, Racial Segregation, Human Dignity, Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Special Needs Students, Special Education, Democratic Values, Student Rights, Access to Education, Equal Education, Mainstreaming
International Association of Special Education. c/o College of Education, Northern Arizona University, P.O. Box 5774, Flagstaff, AZ 86011-5774. Tel: 928-523-8979; Fax: 928-523-1929; Web site: http://iase.coe.nau.edu/index3.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Africa