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ERIC Number: EJ845333
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 25
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 54
ISSN: ISSN-0023-8309
Age-Related Impairments in the Revision of Syntactic Misanalyses: Effects of Prosody
Titone, Debra A.; Koh, Christine K.; Kjelgaard, Margaret M.; Bruce, Stephanie; Speer, Shari R.; Wingfield, Arthur
Language and Speech, v49 n1 p75-99 2006
Two experiments examined whether young and older adults differ in comprehending sentences that contain temporary syntactic closure ambiguities. Experiment 1 examined age-related differences using the Auditory Moving Window (AMW) task, in which sentences were presented in a segment-by-segment self-paced fashion. Experiment 2 examined age-related differences using a sentence recall task, in which sentences were presented in their entirety. Sentences were constructed to have "cooperating prosody" (i.e., where prosody is consistent with the syntactic boundaries), "baseline prosody" (i.e., where prosody is ambiguous in the syntactically ambiguous region), and "conflicting prosody" (i.e., where cross-splicing relocates the prosodic phrase break at a misleading point in syntactic structure). The results showed that both young and older adults make comparable use of prosodic information to interpret temporary syntactic ambiguities, although younger adults may make use of this information more quickly than older adults. In addition, older adults appeared to be less able than young adults to revise initial syntactic misinterpretations caused by conflicting prosodic information. These results are interpreted with respect to age-related impairments in the allocation of working memory resources and inefficient inhibitory function during spoken language processing. (Contains 6 figures and 1 footnote.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts