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ERIC Number: EJ845193
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 37
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0255-7614
The Effects of Gesture Use on Young Children's Pitch Accuracy for Singing Tonal Patterns
Liao, Mei-Ying
International Journal of Music Education, v26 n3 p197-211 2008
The main purpose of this study was to examine the effects of gesture use on young children's singing with regard to improving pitch accuracy. The second purpose was to examine the differences in gesture use among boys and girls and different melodic motions. Eighty Taiwanese young children, five to six years old, participated in this experiment. The children were asked to sing six tonal patterns with and without gestures, which subsequently were evaluated by three professional music teachers. The results showed that gesture use had immediate positive effects for young children in aiding their pitch accuracy. The effect of gestures for girls was greater than for boys. However, the level of gesture effects in melodic motions was different. Gesture had a greater effect for repetition, ascending patterns and large leaps. Sweeping and opening-closing arm gestures especially appeared to work very successfully. This suggests that gestures provided a kinesthetic sense of motion, which can be an effective tool in aiding singing. (Contains 5 figures and 5 tables.)
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Taiwan