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ERIC Number: EJ845109
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 30
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 64
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0023-8309
Interaction of Audition and Vision for the Perception of Prosodic Contrastive Focus
Dohen, Marion; Lavenbruck, Helene
Language and Speech, v52 n2-3 p177-206 2009
Prosodic contrastive focus is used to attract the listener's attention to a specific part of the utterance. Mostly conceived of as auditory/acoustic, it also has visible correlates which have been shown to be perceived. This study aimed at analyzing auditory-visual perception of prosodic focus by elaborating a paradigm enabling an auditory-visual advantage measurement (avoiding the ceiling effect) and by examining the interaction between audition and vision. A first experiment proved the efficiency of a whispered speech paradigm to measure an auditory-visual advantage for the perception of prosodic features. A second experiment used this paradigm to examine and characterize the auditory-visual perceptual processes. It combined performance assessment (focus detection score) to reaction time measurements and confirmed and extended the results from the first experiment. This study showed that adding vision to audition for perception of prosodic focus can not only improve focus detection but also reduce reaction times. A further analysis suggested that audition and vision are actually integrated for the perception of prosodic focus. Visual-only perception appeared to be facilitated for whispered speech suggesting an enhancement of visual cues in whispering. Moreover, the potential influence of the presence of facial markers on perception is discussed. (Contains 3 tables and 8 figures.)
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A