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ERIC Number: EJ844830
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Aug
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0749-596X
When Does Retrieval Induce Forgetting and when Does It Induce Facilitation? Implications for Retrieval Inhibition, Testing Effect, and Text Processing
Chan, Jason C. K.
Journal of Memory and Language, v61 n2 p153-170 Aug 2009
Retrieval practice can enhance long-term retention of the tested material (the testing effect), but it can also impair later recall of the nontested material--a phenomenon known as retrieval-induced forgetting (Anderson, M. C., Bjork, R. A., & Bjork, E. L. (1994). "Remembering can cause forgetting: retrieval dynamics in long-term memory." "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 20"(5), 1063-1087). Recent research, however, has shown that retrieval practice can sometimes improve later recall of the nontested material--a phenomenon termed retrieval-induced facilitation (Chan, J. C. K., McDermott, K. B., & Roediger, H. L. (2006). "Retrieval-induced facilitation: initially nontested material can benefit from prior testing of related material." "Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 135", 553-571). What drives these different effects? Two experiments were designed to examine the conditions under which retrieval induces forgetting and facilitation. Two variables, the level of integration invoked during encoding and the length of delay between retrieval practice and final test, were revealed as critical factors in determining whether testing facilitated or hindered later retrieval of the nontested information. A text processing framework is advanced to account for these findings. (Contains 9 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A